Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters, which make up 40 weeks. The pregnancy begins from the first day of your last menstrual cycle and lasts until the date you deliver your baby. A lot of changes- physical and mental- affect you during these trimesters. If you are aware of what is going on inside your body, you can manage these changes effortlessly.
How do you know you are pregnant?
These days it is very easy to determine your pregnancy. The foremost sign of pregnancy is a missed period. You may also check your pregnancy with the help of some home-based kits. Your results would be accurate if you tested yourself one week after your last menstruation cycle.
Symptoms during pregnancy and how to manage them:
Your first trimester will last until the last day of your 13th week. Nearly 85% of pregnant women have reported nausea and vomiting as one of the symptoms during this period. Also, called as morning sickness, in this condition women feel like throwing up or puking, particularly in the mornings.
Doctors opine that the origin of this medical condition lies in the human chorionic gonadotropin or HCG. This hormone is produced when the fertilized egg attaches itself to your uterus and continues to move upward. Doctors also say that this medical condition indicates that your pregnancy is working fine, and there is no need to panic.
To manage nausea, please eat in small amounts, have ginger in your meals and wear an anti-nausea wristband. Working women may feel tired in this trimester. They would be dismayed at the drop in their productivity in their first trimester because of fatigue. Don’t worry; this condition is due to rising levels of progesterone. To manage this medical condition, please sleep for at least 8 hours a day.
This period lasts from the 14th week until the 27th week. Your progesterone won’t go anywhere in your second trimester, and one of the minor complications it is going to cause is constipation. This condition can be managed by drinking lots of water, fibrous foods and fruits like cucumber and watermelon. Some other fruits that you can have are bananas, apples, oranges, and mangoes. Please eat leguminous foods to reduce your constipation.
Additionally, please reduce your iron intake; this element increases constipation. You may also experience round ligament pain during the second trimester. This happens when the fetus expands and exerts pressure on your pelvic area.
You can manage the round ligament pain by practising yoga or doing specific stretching exercises. Please consult your gynaecologist or obstetrician before doing these exercises.
This trimester lasts from the start of the 28th week until your delivery. One of the most common symptoms during this period is heartburn. In this medical condition, rising levels of progesterone force open the stomach valve. This causes the acid in your stomach to spill over into your esophagus. The latter is the connector between your mouth and your stomach.
This valve is also thrown open by the pressure exerted by the expanding uterus. To manage this condition, please avoid lying down immediately after your meals. Please sit or stand for at least 60 minutes for your food to settle down. If this condition persists, please ask your doctor if it is okay to have papaya juice. During your pregnancy, please avoid smoking and consuming tobacco products and liquor. Avoid taking unnecessary medicines on the advice of others.